Phonics Support

Phonics at Herringthorpe Junior School 

Statement of Intent

At Herringthorpe Junior School, we use the Letters and Sounds programme as our approach to teaching reading to those who have reached KS2 and have barriers which have prevented early reading from being fully achieved. We use the National Curriculum spelling appendices to support learners from Y3-6. 

We aim to build children’s speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. We follow a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children based on their entry to KS2; ensuring provision is in place to close gaps for those children who are not fluent readers as they leave their KS1 setting. 

At Herringthorpe Junior School we like to go above and beyond to ensure that your child can continue progressing in phonics. Phonics continues into Year 3 and 4 and is taught twice weekly alongside daily interventions for those children who require it. Phonics interventions happen in Year 5 and 6 for those children who may require it. 

As your child starts junior school in Year 3 they will receive a book bag. This book bag will contain a book which matches your child’s phonics stage. It is important that you read this book daily with your child to help keep them progressing with their reading. Your child will also go through this book with an adult at least 3 times a week with an adult in school to keep track of their progress and to ensure their book matches their level. Within the book, there will also be your child’s diary where their reading will be recorded when they read with a member of staff. It is also an expectation that your child’s reading at home is recorded in the diary too.  

Information on Phonics Phases 

For those children entering KS2 who have not passed their phonics screening assessment in both Y1 and Y2, specific programmes of support are put in place through the school’s provision mapping and intervention programme. 

Each phase and the corresponding phonic knowledge and skills is identified below: 

Phonics Vocabulary

Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.

GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.

Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Blending- This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word.

Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes (sound talk/sounding out) that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order.

Below are some videos which will help you understand the phase your child is in. 

Phase 2- 

Phase 3-

Phase 4-

Phase 5-

Here are some website which will be useful to help at home-