Phonics at Herringthorpe Junior School – Policy
Statement of Intent
Information on Phonics Phases
For those children entering KS2 who have not passed their phonics screening assessment in both Y1 and Y2, specific programmes of support are put in place through the school’s provision mapping and intervention programme.
Each phase and the corresponding phonic knowledge and skills is identified below:
Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.
Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.
GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.
Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Blending- This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word.
Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes (sound talk/sounding out) that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order.
Below are some videos which will help you understand the phase your child is in.
Phase 2- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DIpcahxNSU4
Phase 3- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vU2vWZKS7rY
Phase 4- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VR_IgfIgz10&t=5s
Phase 5- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R3S5sJw7MfI&t=5s
Here are some website which will be useful to help at home-